In logistics, Line Haul refers to the movement of freight with any mode of transport by land, air or waterway between distant cities. Freights can vary in volume and weight, from small documents to heavy pallets. Courier, Express and Parcel (CEP) providers and 3PL Less than Truckload (LTL) carriers collect freight from various senders at a given depot.
At that depot, freight with common destinations is consolidated in trailers for (long-distance) transport to a sorting facility (hub) or one or more of another depot type (ex. distribution facilities).
At a sorting facility, freight coming from different origins is sorted and consolidated again for further transport to its destination. The supporting infrastructure of hubs, depots, tractors, trailers, dockworkers, and drivers is collectively called the Line Haul Network. The freight transportation sector is able to run high volume operations efficiently via such a network.